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Egypt is proud to be the first civilization center on the African continent from 5000 BC The country is located along the coast of the Nile River in northeastern Africa. Egypt was the site of one of the most powerful and lasting civilizations of antiquity. This great ancient state used very different art forms to reveal its deeply rooted philosophies of life. These philosophies were embedded in their strict and compact religious beliefs and what was most important among them was the belief in life after death. Because of this, the people practiced a death cult where art was the most important vehicle used.
Egyptian art was deliberately made to serve the dead. For the ancient Egyptians, death was not an end but the transition from the living (physical world) to the land of the dead (spiritual / metaphysical world). The Egyptians believed that when they died, their souls (Ka) would continue to live in a different world but within the same bodies. To ensure a successful journey to the land of death and the afterlife, the deceased must be physically preserved along with earthly possessions and other reminders of daily activities.
To achieve this philosophy, ancient Egyptians gently treated their dead bodies called mummies and embalmed them to protect them from decay. Artwork was supposed to follow the deceased into eternity. Thus, Egyptian art is an art of art which is why Egyptian art is popularly called "art for eternity". Fine linen moldings woven were used to enclose deceased bodies. Sometimes the similarities were separated with missing corpses of impossible or durable materials such as granite, gold and gemstones to replace them. After the deceased (mother) had wrapped with the linen material, it was painted in light colors and placed in graves. These architectural structures known as pyramids were constructed with heavy stones. This helped to extend their longevity for eternity. Egyptian graves were built to ensure a blissful afterlife for the deceased, and the paintings, sculptures and other objects in them had an eternal purpose.
The interiors of these pyramids were lavishly decorated with series of paintings depicting the dead journey to the metaphysical world. Other themes for the painting included people hunting and partying. Funeral texts believed to preserve the dead person's name and representations for his well-being of the gods were also written in hieroglyphs. This graphic art told of the good deeds of the deceased, including his titles and awards achieved during his lifetime.
Thus, the ideologies of the Egyptians regarding the afterlife that are part of their philosophy became clear through the artistic creations-paintings, sculptures, architecture and textiles. This should inform researchers today about the indispensable role that art can play in social development and sustainable development. Modern scholars must not discourage art as silent in philosophy because of their picturesque nature. Rather, they must strive to explore how to implement artistic creations in conveying philosophies or deep thoughts, as the cardinal example of the ancient Egyptians illustrates.